The indian linguistic philosophies

Harvard University Press, Sanskrit is able to do some sophisticated things because the writing system retains phonetic changes at word boundaries. The ultralogical period Muslim rule in India had consolidated itself by the 11th century, by which time Buddhism, for all practical purposes, had disappeared from the country.

Franz Steiner Verlag, The universals are eternal. The logical period The logical period of Indian thought began with the Kushan dynasty 1st—2nd centuries ce.

The notion of substitution was understood as a substitution, not of a part of a word by another part, but of a whole word by another word, and this especially as a conceptual rather than an ontological replacement. So we resolve the incongruity by understanding her apparent distraction as shyness.

Indian philosophy

Emergentist models focus on the notion that natural faculties are a complex system that emerge out of simpler biological parts. Since the time of the Greeks, Western thought has been concerned with mathematics and, in the Christian era, with history.

The indian linguistic philosophies Essay

While the Gods were the powers that finally yielded the wishes of their human worshipers, one could legitimately look at the resulting reward as ensuing from the power of the religious language, or the power of the performing priest. What is it that it is understood to signify? Can Brahman be reached through language?

Mind, Language, and World, New York: He says that only a person ignorant of the real nature of language believes the divisions of sentences into words, stems, roots, and affixes to be real. It is a property whose possession by an entity is the necessary and sufficient condition for a given word being used to refer to that entity.

Would this contemporary debate gain from awareness of distinctions and arguments found in classical Indian philosophy? This is just a description. Not even authors of sutras could do that, for they were only systematizing the thoughts and insights of countless predecessors.

Here the goddess of speech demands worship in her own right, before her powers may be used for other purposes. With the Nyaya problem of knowledge — Vaisheshika analysis of nature systems, for example, the model of a potter making pots determined much philosophical thinking, as did that of a magician conjuring up tricks in the Advaita nondualist Vedanta.

The primary, we might say default, meaning would be the additive plural many umbrella holders but in the right context, a secondary meaning of the associative plural one umbrella holder and their associates is possible. Not all the different schools of Indian philosophy accept all of these different kinds of signification functions for words, and they hold substantially different views on the nature of words, meanings, and the relations between words and meanings.

The Philosophy of Word and Meaning, Calcutta: This means that a sentence is put together by combining words and words are put together by combining morphemic elements like stems, roots, and affixes.

This debate anticipates in a lot of ways the debate between Robert Stainton, Jason StanleyJason Merchant in the early s over whether single word utterances can constitute assertions.

Kapilathe legendary founder of the Samkhya school, supposedly flourished during the 7th century bce.

Language and Testimony in Classical Indian Philosophy

In fact, he thinks there are seven factors involved in identifying incongruity: What did that tweet accomplish? Thus, if a given meaning is understood when a given term or member of a set of terms is used and not understood when this is not used, then the comprehension of the meaning in question is said to be caused by the term, to which this meaning is attributed.

Princeton University Press, University of Chicago Press. In the case of the former, Shankaraa leading Advaita Vedanta philosopher c.

The Buddhists, on the other hand, aimed at weaning people away from all attachment to the world, and hence at showing the emptiness of everything, including language. In fact, it is silence that characterizes Brahman, and not words.

But in Sanskrit, there was a tradition of writing poetry with multiple registers of meaning which often resulted in a further metaphorical meaning.

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But before that happens around the 12th century CE, several philosophers argue that we can give an account of suggestion in terms of ordinary things like inference or the secondary function.

The similarities reveal that, even when philosophers in India and the West were grappling with the same problems and sometimes even suggesting similar theories, Indian thinkers were advancing novel formulations and argumentations.

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Later Hindu notions about the Vedic scriptures and their authority are in part reflections of Hindu responses to the criticisms of the Vedas launched by the Buddhists and the Jains.

His focus is on the philosophy of language and related topics such as epistemology and logic. They merely saw them, and, therefore, the scriptures are free from the taint of mortality implicit in a human origin. The Philosophy of the Grammarians, Princeton: The Vedanta school is further divided into six sub-schools:If a practitioner of analytic philosophy of language of that time had any view of Indian philosophy at all, it was most likely to be the stereotyped picture of a gaggle of navel- gazing mystics ma As recently as twenty or thirty years ago this question simply would not have arisen.4/5(2).

PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE IN INDIA. The earliest Indian thinking about language, found in Vedas (Arapura and Raja ), is speculative, but later discussions involve sophisticated arguments among various schools of thought.

Language and Testimony in Classical Indian Philosophy

The British period in Indian history was primarily a period of discovery of the ancient tradition (e.g., the two histories by Radhakrishnan, scholar and president of India from toand S.N. Dasgupta) and of comparison and synthesis of Indian philosophy with the philosophical ideas from the West.

the indian linguistic philosophies a report submitted in fulfillment of the course requirements of the course: basic indian logic department of sanskrit pondicherry university year guide: dr. anil pratap giri students name: alice alex roll no.: department: earth science contents 1.

introduction 2. bhartrihari and mandanamishra 3. Philosophy of Language is the reasoned inquiry into the origins of language, the nature of meaning, the usage and cognition of language, and the relationship between language and reality.

It overlaps to some extent with the study of Epistemology, Logic, Philosophy of Mind and other fields (including. The intellectual culture of India presents us with highly elaborated theories of verbal cognition, known in Sanskrit philosophical literature under the generic name of sabdabodha.

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