Did you not claim before the Ansar that you were more worthy than they of the caliphate because Muhammad came from among you but Muhammad was never from AbuBakr family — and thus they gave you leadership and surrendered command?
The predominant trend in Shiism is that described as "Twelver Shiism,"4 which is centered in Iran and is the principal form of Shiism in Iraq, Lebanon, and Bahrain. After the selection of Abu Bakr as the first Caliph, Islam and shi ite branches Shiites grew in number and became a political group supporting Ali as the successor of the Prophet.
You have seized this office from the Ansar using your tribal relationship to the Prophet as an argument against them. Their Imams are central figures and leaders of the community in Shia belief, they are the perfect manifestation of God.
I believe in Him and I put my trust in Him. Would you then seize this office from us, the ahl al-bayt by force? I shall not pledge loyalty to him. Who will respond to my call? However, even the progeny of prophets are considered to be denied the privilege of the closeness and the blessings of Allah if they fail to practice His commandments.
In Syria, the conflict is complex but is divided along Shia-Sunni lines. The majority of the population is Sunni however, the government is Shia. As such, they believed that only those can trace their ancestry directly to the family to of the Prophet Mohammad should stand as leaders of the Islam faith.
Muhammad told him to sit down, saying, "Wait! The schism led to the creation of two major branches of Islam, the Sunnis and the Shiites. There are many other verses in the Koran which enumerate that the basis of paradise is the mercy of Allah and the righteous deeds of human beings according to the Koran and Hadith.
In leadership roles, the Shia have established a formal hierarchy among their clergy. The Imamate concept reflects a belief that humanity is at all time in need of a divinely ordained leader, an authoritative teacher in all religious matters, who is endowed with full immunity from sin and error.
In view of the power of the Shiite clergy, it is not surprising that they play an important political role. I am thus more worthy of this office than you. I now contend against you with the same argument…It is we who are more worthy of the Messenger of God, living or dead. Shiite religious officials have had less need to rely on secular governments for money to finance their activities, since they control substantial religious endowments.
This dispute eventually led to the First Fitnawhich was the first major civil war within the Islamic Caliphate. Many intellectuals, however, cite the shortcomings of governments as a reason for these acts.
These interpretations follow four differing schools of thought: O ye sons of Abdul Muttalib, no one ever came to you before with anything better than what I have brought to you.
Those Shiites who are not Twelver Shiites also believe that Ali was the rightful Imam, in succession to Muhammad, but differ on the importance of some of the succeeding Imams. On the other hand, the Shiite Islam sect believed that only Allah had the ability to choose who the next leaders of the Islam religion should be.
Perceptions in Leadership The division in Islam had been noted to have occurred after the death of the Prophet Mohammad. Schools of jurisprudence[ edit ]. Led by the Ayatollah Khomeini, the clergy organized the revolution that overthrew the Shah of Iran in and turned the country into an Islamic Republic.
Sunni-Shiite Doctrinal Differences Of the Sunni and Twelver Shiite differences, some of the most important relate to the issue of the Imamate; the question of intercession between Allah and human beings; matters not delineated by the Koran; the means of attaining paradise; and the role of present-day Imams, or religious leaders.
These tactics have caused a major debate in the Islamic world. Aside from IranIraqBahrainand Azerbaijan, Sunnis constitute a larger population than Shia in any other country. Despite these traditions, the political loyalties of Sunnis and Shiites are affected by their country of citizenship and nationality.Shia Islam is the second largest branch of Islam: inShia Muslims constituted % of the world's Muslim population.
Twelver Shia (Ithnā'ashariyyah) is the largest branch of Shia Islam,  with estimates saying that 85% of Shias were Twelvers.
Feb 12, · The division between Islam's Shiite minority and the Sunni majority is deepening across the Middle East.
The split occurred soon after the death of. Shīʿite: Shiite, member of the smaller of the two major branches of Islam, distinguished from the majority Sunnis. The two main branches of Islam are Sunni and Shi'a.
Together they constitute more than 99% of all Muslims. Roughly speaking, Sunnis constitute between 85 and 90 per cent of the world's Muslims, with another % being Shi'a. Feb 12, · The division between Islam's Shiite minority and the Sunni majority is deepening across the Middle East.
The split occurred soon after the death of. Differences Between Sunni And Shia Muslims Sunni and Shia Islam are the two largest branches of Islam with significant similarities, as well as major differences, between their beliefs.
Despite differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims, both respect the Qur’an as the Holy Book.Download