He had promised freedom of speech, but had the Okhrana Secret Police around constantly, censoring books, newspapers and sending his opponents to Siberia. World War I brought about massive social upheaval, as millions of women entered the workforce to support men who went to war, and to replace those who never came back.
Lenin and his Bolsheviks took over the government in what is called the November Revolution, and the Soviet Union was born. The severe effects that chemical weapons such as mustard gas and phosgene had on soldiers and civilians during World War I galvanized public and military attitudes against their continued use.
The public thought that the Empress had turned her back on the Russian people.
Second Battle of the Marne With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive.
The Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets, which convened in Petrograd simultaneously with the coup, approved the formation of a new government composed mainly of Bolshevik commissars. The revolutionaries, on the other hand, wanted to throw out the whole tsarist system and build a different one.
I would rate the reasons in order of importance like this: This defeat caused strikes and Assess the causes of the 1917 in the Russian cities. Rumours were spread about them having an affair, and to make matters worse Alexandra was German.
All that now prevented the Petrograd Soviet from openly declaring itself the real government of Russia was fear of provoking a conservative coup. In terms of accounting for the cause of the second revolution, I think that much credit has to go to Lenin in trying to force a Marxist theory into a setting where it did not apply, but to a population which it proved to be persuasive.
The Romanov family, who had ruled Russia since the seventeenth century, was overthrown and the monarchy was no more.
As there were thousands of women on the streets to join protests which were demanding food and an end to the war. But then the German army attacked in support of their Austrian ally and, again, Russia suffered a heavy defeat.
The bizarre career of Gregory Rasputin, and his influence over the imperial family is well known. The longterm discontent felt by a growing middle class who wanted a voice in the government and more liberal institutions had not been satisfied by the reforms promised in The Provisional Government were weakened by having to share power with the Petrograd Soviet workers council.
For example, Russia attempted to transport millions of troops and supplies which caused unbearable pressures. Military defeats World War I was a total disaster for Russia. This can also be shown by inflation.
In particular, she gained increasing influence over the appointment of ministers to the government. This would have been bad enough with Russia at peace. Books and newspapers were censored. I think the Provisional Governments biggest mistake was staying in the war because they had promised to aid their allies.
The effort and cost of waging war meant terrible suffering for soldiers and civilians alike. He was not used to being criticized and did not like it.
Nicholas II's decision to take charge meant that he was increasingly seen by the Russian people as having personal responsibility for the military disasters inflicted on Russia. This was made worse by the 15million peasants that were fighting in the war.
Therefore in Russia bread rationing in Petrograd in only received a? Meanwhile, soviets on the Petrograd model, in far closer contact with the sentiments of the people than the Provisional Government was, had been organized in cities and major towns and in the army.
Overall in this paragraph one has argued that the economic problems of World War 1 were the most significant, but most important were the transport problems as Russia had felt it to be such a success in the past but, now it was useless ad making food shortages a lot worse.
America Enters World War I At the outbreak of fighting inthe United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting the policy of neutrality favored by President Woodrow Wilson while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.
Thus many who might have supported the Czar in his time of need were alienated from him. Morale during this time was at a very low ebb and soldiers and civilians alike were looking for someone to blame.
Peasants were still suffering from a lack of land and starvation, and many of the ethnic groups in Russia were unhappy that the As the years passed, hatred of the Versailles treaty and its authors settled into a smoldering resentment in Germany that would, two decades later, be counted among the causes of World War II.Related Questions.
Critically assess the success of Bolshevik Revolution of October in Russia. 1 educator answer Why do some scholars say there were two Russian Revolutions in Russian Revolution oftwo revolutions, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power.
In the space of a few days in FebruaryTsarist Russia came to an end. The Romanov family, who had ruled Russia since the seventeenth century, was overthrown and the monarchy was no more.
Causes of the Russian Revolution. This is an extract from a GCSE textbook written in by Chris Culpin, who was a teacher and Chief Examiner for GCSE History.
Assess the Reasons for the February Revolution. Essay Analyze the causes and results until the end ofof the first revolution in Russia. Thesis: The first revolution in Russia, inwas largely the consequence of uprisings amongst the Russians in Petrograd in demand for the symbolic “peace.
Lesson 3: Wilson and American Entry into World War I.
The preceding lesson introduces students to seven distinct reasons explaining American entry into World War I, then asks them to support one or a combination of the reasons, using historical evidence. The U.S. Declaration of .Download